SNAPP TEAM:Coastal Outcomes
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When does coastal conservation produce positive outcomes for people and nature, and what are the co-benefits and tradeoffs between multiple outcomes?

In coastal ecosystems, scientists and managers often encourage the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) in order to provide both ecological and social benefits. This group is assessing the social, ecological, and political conditions in which the use of MPAs and OECMs are associated with positive outcomes for both people and nature, as well as the synergies and trade-offs that exist between multiple outcomes.

OUR APPROACHUsing data from seven coastal countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, we will identify how MPAs and OECMs contribute to successful outcomes under different political, social, and economic conditions, and will translate the results into a tool to help managers make related decisions in the future.

Team Status: ONGOING
Team Critical Challenge:


  • Provide the first global synthesis examining the social and ecological outcomes of different types of coastal conservation and management actions
  • Build a decision support tool that will help stakeholders  implement coastal conservation and management actions that deliver social and ecological benefits
  • Inform the negotiation related to the development and implementation of to the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, specifically with respect to OECMS
Emily Darling
Wildlife Conservation Society
Georgina Gurney
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
Amber Himes-Cornell
Food and Agriculture Organization
Amelia Wenger
University of Queensland
Arun Agrawal
University of Michigan
Courtney Cox
RARE and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
David Gill
Duke University
Derek Armitage
University of Waterloo
Elizabeth McLeod
The Nature Conservancy
World Wildlife Fund
Gabby Ahmadia
World Wildlife Fund and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Gavin McDonald
University of California, Santa Barbara
Graham Epstein
University of Waterloo and Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Harry Jonas
IUCN, WCPA Task Force on OECMs
Irfan Yulianto
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Jessica Blythe
Brock University
Joachim Claudet
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Laboratoire d'Excellence CORAIL
Josheena Naggea
Stanford University
Natalie Ban
University of Victoria
Nyawira Muthiga
Wildlife Conservation Society
Peni Lestari
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Ravaka Ranaivoson
Wildlife Conservation Society
Sangeeta Mangubhai
Wildlife Conservation Society
Stacy Jupiter
Wildlife Conservation Society
Stephanie D’agata
Macquarie University
Stuart Campbell
RARE Indonesia
Tim McClanahan
Wildlife Conservation Society
Vera Agostini
Whitney Friedman
NCEAS and University of California, Santa Barbara
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