SNAPP TEAM:Coastal Outcomes
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When does coastal conservation produce positive outcomes for people and nature, and what are the co-benefits and tradeoffs between multiple outcomes?

In coastal ecosystems, scientists and managers often encourage the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) in order to provide both ecological and social benefits. This group is assessing the social, ecological, and political conditions in which the use of MPAs and OECMs are associated with positive outcomes for both people and nature, as well as the synergies and trade-offs that exist between multiple outcomes.

OUR APPROACHUsing data from seven coastal countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, we will identify how MPAs and OECMs contribute to successful outcomes under different political, social, and economic conditions, and will translate the results into a tool to help managers make related decisions in the future.

Team Status: COMPLETED
Team Critical Challenge:
Key Products
Effects of management objectives and rules on marine conservation outcomes

Understanding the relative effectiveness and enabling conditions of different area-based management tools is essential for supporting efforts that achieve positive biodiversity outcomes as area-based conservation coverage increases to meet newly set international targets. This study shows the effectiveness of Other  Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs) on producing measurable outcomes for coral reef biodiversity and the human communities.

Avoiding the misuse of other effective area-based conservation measures in the wake of the blue economy

Other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) represent unique opportunities to help achieve the 2030 biodiversity conservation agenda. However, potential misuse by governments and economic sectors could compromise the outcome of these conservation efforts. Here, we propose three ways to ensure that the application of OECMs toward meeting biodiversity targets provide benefits for both people and nature.

Triple exposure: Reducing negative impacts of climate change, blue growth, and conservation on coastal communities

Coastal communities are on the frontlines of three accelerating global change drivers, climate change, blue growth, and the expansion of area-based conservation, leading to a “triple exposure” scenario. Despite efforts to maximize social benefits from climate, development, and conservation, externally driven processes can converge to amplify vulnerabilities and inequalities. This article offers recommendations to implementors to address these factors.

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Emily Darling
Wildlife Conservation Society
Georgina Gurney
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
Amber Himes-Cornell
Food and Agriculture Organization
Amelia Wenger
WCS / University of Queensland
Arun Agrawal
University of Michigan
Courtney Cox
RARE and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
David Gill
Duke University
Derek Armitage
University of Waterloo
Elizabeth McLeod
The Nature Conservancy
World Wildlife Fund
Gabby Ahmadia
World Wildlife Fund and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Gavin McDonald
University of California, Santa Barbara
Graham Epstein
University of Waterloo and Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Harry Jonas
IUCN, WCPA Task Force on OECMs
Irfan Yulianto
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Jessica Blythe
Brock University
Joachim Claudet
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Laboratoire d'Excellence CORAIL
Josheena Naggea
Stanford University
Natalie Ban
University of Victoria
Nyawira Muthiga
Wildlife Conservation Society
Peni Lestari
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Ravaka Ranaivoson
Wildlife Conservation Society
Sangeeta Mangubhai
Talanoa Consulting Fiji
Stacy Jupiter
Wildlife Conservation Society
Stephanie D’agata
Macquarie University
Stuart Campbell
RARE Indonesia
Tim McClanahan
Wildlife Conservation Society
Vera Agostini
Whitney Friedman
NCEAS and University of California, Santa Barbara
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