SNAPP TEAM:Sustainable Agricultural Intensification
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How can Tanzania intensify agricultural production while protecting biodiversity and ecosystem services at both landscape and regional scales?

Agriculture is a major part of Tanzania’s economy, yet its expansion into wild lands poses a big risk to the country’s conservation efforts. To mitigate ecological losses while stimulating the economy and promoting food security, agriculture could be intensified in specific places that minimize tradeoffs to natural areas. This SNAPP team examined areas within the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) Corridor to determine where intensification is economically viable and evaluate tradeoffs between agricultural development and maintenance of ecosystem services and biodiversity.


OUR APPROACH: Through the development of land-use and water tools and investor guidelines, the team provides the first step towards improved agricultural livelihoods, maintained ecosystem services, and responsible investment within the SAGCOT.

Team Status: COMPLETED
Team Critical Challenge:

Final Report: Encouraging Green Agricultural Development in the SAGCOT Region of Tanzania

In 2016, the team submitted a final report to the SAGCOT Centre, a coordinating body that serves as an information and communication hub for the SAGCOT Partnership. The tools and guidelines for intensification developed by the SNAPP working group are the first steps in obtaining food security, green growth, and positive economic impacts in the SAGCOT. Components of the report included:

Sustainable Land Use

  •  Multi-criteria evaluation and online mapping tool that provides agricultural development planners with an analysis of agricultural intensification opportunities and constraints.

Water Use

  •  Water use model that provides information to water permitting agencies on water supply and flow as well as areas vulnerable to erosion within the SAGCOT.

Investor Guidelines

  • Environmental and Social Performance Investment Screen: a straightforward tool for investors designed to facilitate an informal exchange of environmental and social goals, best practices, and sources of information.



“Providing a checklist to investors helps them follow a ‘green growth’ strategy with social issues in mind.”

– Lucy Magembe, Project Co-Leader


Key Products
CGIAR: Landscape-level planning for sustainable development in the SAGCOT

The result from this working group sparked a project from the research group CIGAR aimed at promoting sustainable intensification in a large agricultural landscape of the Tanzanian Ihemi cluster by generating information for dialogue in evidence-driven processes for planning sustainable development.

Major Findings and tools for green agricultural development in the SAGCOT

The working group’s final report containing the results of their work in the SAGCOT, focusing on sustainable land and water use as well as investor guidelines.

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Felix Kamau
The Nature Conservancy
Lucy Magembe
The Nature Conservancy
Abigail Hart
EcoAgriculture Partners
Antony Chapoto
Indaba Agriculture Policy Research Institute, Lusaka, Zambia
Audax Rukonge
Tanzania Agriculture Non-State Actors Forum
Chris Lambe
Christine Tam
World Wildlife Fund
David Cleary
The Nature Conservancy
Deborah Bossio
The Nature Conservancy
Erasmus Tarimo
Wildlife Biologist
Evan Girvetz
International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
Gervase C. Patrick
Tanzania Forest Conservation Group
Gloria Cheche
World Wildlife Fund
Idris Msuya
Rufiji Basin Water Board (Tanzania)
Jane “Carter” Ingram
Pollination Group
Janet Sanders
Silverlands (Tanzania) Limited
Japheth Kasaingili
Sokoine University of Agriculture
John Banga
SAGCOT Centre Limited
Joseph Maina Mbui
Wildlife Conservation Society
Mary Mgonja
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa
Matt Brown
The Nature Conservancy
Mike Nkonu
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Ravic Nijbroek
International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
Reuben Kadigi
Sokoine University of Agriculture
Sarah Lynch
World Wildlife Fund
Seth Shames
EcoAgriculture Partners
Tim Bodin
Tim Davenport
Wildlife Conservation Society
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