SNAPP TEAM:CBNRM Governance & Economics
How can Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) institutions be re-built to strengthen the social fabric of rural communities and expand the wildlife economy to address multi-dimensional poverty?

Community engagement in conservation is essential to achieve global goals of conserving 30% of the planet by 2030. Many vital sites for conservation impact are home to groups of people experiencing intense inequities due to historical and existing power structures. In the pursuit of these efforts, after early successes, the performance of Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) has been disappointing. The under-performance of previous CBNRM models may be caused by incomplete transfer or delegation of power to the community-level, weak models for collective governance and benefit sharing, and weak economic management. This working group seeks to bring together a community of practice from east and southern Africa to address these challenges.


OUR APPROACH: This working group will pool existing evidence to co-develop tools to measure CBNRM impact at a household level (on the metrics of livelihoods, governance and social capital, and wildlife tolerance) and community level (on the metrics of commercial performance and wildlife management) with managers and academics from seven east and southern African countries. Sharing quantitative and qualitative results will create discomfort with the status quo leading to institutional transformation led by pilot initiatives. Improvements achieved by piloting participatory, community-based governance at anchor (comparative) sites will be documented and taken to scale with the support of national CBNRM associations and partners including the Community Leaders Network and Jamma International.

Team Status: NEW
Team Critical Challenge: Social Innovations
  • Develop a community of practice for CBNRM governance and economics in southern and eastern Africa to achieve measurable improvements in the conceptualization, monitoring, and performance of CBNRM at a household level.
  • Develop monitoring tools to assess and track CBNRM impact at a household level (i.e. livelihoods; governance and social capital; wildlife tolerance) and community level (commercial and managerial performance). Compare the performance of participatory and representational forms of CBNRM by institutionalizing reporting dashboards in at least five countries.
  • Use anchor sites in at least five countries to pilot participatory community-based governance,
  • Facilitate scaling of strong practice through the development of training materials, guidelines and standards, and use these to strengthen CBNRM performance through national CBNRM associations and voluntary standards.
Brian Child
University of Florida
Rodgers Lubilo
Community Leaders Network of Southern Africa
Patricia Mupeta-Muyama
The Nature Conservancy
Hilma Angula
NACSO Institutional Development Working Group
Craig Bruce
Jamma International
Alex Chidakel
University of Florida
Hayley Clements
University of Stellenbosch
Ronnie Dempers
NACSO / Namibia Development Trust
Aaron King
University of Florida
Tom Lolosoli
The Nature Conservancy
Valerio Macandza
Eduardo Mondlane University
Meshurie Melembuki
The Nature Conservancy
Jose Montiero
CBRNM Network
Tanyaradza Mudonga
Ministry of Environment, Zimbabwe
Simon Munthali
The Nature Conservancy
Shylock Muyengwa
Resource Africa
Tiego Nanzilo
Wildlife Conservation Society
Sean Nazireli
BioFund, Mozambique
Tierney Shimansky
University of Florida
Siyoka Simasiku
Ngamiland Council of NGOs NCONGO
Michelle Wieland
Wildlife Conservation Society
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