SNAPP TEAM:Coastal Outcomes
When does coastal conservation produce positive outcomes for people and nature, and what are the co-benefits and tradeoffs between multiple outcomes?

In coastal ecosystems, scientists and managers often encourage the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) and other area-based conservation measures (OECMs) to provide both ecological and social benefits. This group is assessing the social, ecological, and institutional conditions under which the use of MPAs and OECMs are associated with positive outcomes for both people and nature, as well as the co-benefits and tradeoffs that exist between multiple outcomes.

OUR APPROACHUsing data from seven coastal countries in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific, this team is identifying how MPAs and OECMs contribute to successful outcomes under different social, ecological, and institutional conditions, and will translate the results into a tool to help managers make related decisions in the future.

This team is part of a cohort funded by the generosity of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation to address the theme of Oceans, Climate and Equity.

Team Status: COMPLETED
Team Critical Challenges: Ocean Sustainability, Social Innovations
Key Products
Charting the value and limits of other effective conservation measures (OECMs) for marine conservation: A Delphi study

The Coastal Outcomes SNAPP working group served as an expert panel reaching consensus that OECMs can strengthen local and Indigenous rights where social equity is prioritized. Appropriate metrics and evaluation techniques remain an obstacle to understanding OECM’s potential to contribute to 30 x 30 goals (conserving 30% of the earth’s surface by 2030).

Biodiversity needs every tool in the box: use OECMs

This perspectives paper in Nature discusses the promise of OECMs to advance effective and equitable conservation and lays out five key next steps for the implementation of this new policy tool.

Equitable and effective area-based conservation: towards the conserved areas paradigm

A side project of the Coastal Outcomes group, this perspectives paper in PARKS discusses the role of global OECM policy in contributing to a more equitable, diverse and inclusive conservation sector.

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Emily Darling
Wildlife Conservation Society
Georgina Gurney
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
Vera Agostini
Arun Agrawal
University of Michigan
Gabby Ahmadia
World Wildlife Fund and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Derek Armitage
University of Waterloo
Natalie Ban
University of Victoria
Jessica Blythe
Brock University
Stuart Campbell
RARE Indonesia
Joachim Claudet
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Laboratoire d'Excellence CORAIL
Courtney Cox
RARE and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Stephanie D’agata
Macquarie University
Graham Epstein
University of Waterloo and Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
World Wildlife Fund
Whitney Friedman
NCEAS and University of California, Santa Barbara
David Gill
Duke University
Amber Himes-Cornell
Food and Agriculture Organization
Harry Jonas
IUCN, WCPA Task Force on OECMs
Stacy Jupiter
Wildlife Conservation Society
Peni Lestari
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Sangeeta Mangubhai
Talanoa Consulting Fiji
Tim McClanahan
Wildlife Conservation Society
Gavin McDonald
University of California, Santa Barbara
Elizabeth McLeod
The Nature Conservancy
Nyawira Muthiga
Wildlife Conservation Society
Josheena Naggea
Stanford University
Ravaka Ranaivoson
Wildlife Conservation Society
Amelia Wenger
WCS / University of Queensland
Irfan Yulianto
Wildlife Conservation Society Indonesia
Kate Barnes
MacArthur Foundation
Philippa Cohen
Jason Cole
Margaret A. Cargill Philanthropies
Stuart Green
Blue-Green Advisors
Andrew Halford
The Pacific Community
Markus Knigge
Blue Action Fund
Dan Laffoley
IUCN, World Commission on Protected Areas
Jane Lubchenco
Oregon State University
Melissa Wright
Bloomberg Philanthropies
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