SNAPP TEAM:Coastal Outcomes
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When does coastal conservation produce positive outcomes for people and nature, and what are the synergies and tradeoffs between multiple outcomes?

In coastal ecosystems, scientists and managers often encourage the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) and other area-based conservation measures (OECMs) to provide both ecological and social benefits. This group is assessing the social, ecological, and political conditions in which the use of MPAs and OECMs are associated with positive outcomes for both people and nature, as well as the synergies and tradeoffs that exist between multiple outcomes.

OUR APPROACHUsing data from seven coastal countries in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific, this team is identifying how MPAs and OECMs contribute to successful outcomes under different political, social, and economic conditions, and will translate the results into a tool to help managers make related decisions in the future.

This team is part of a cohort funded by the generosity of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation to address the theme of Oceans, Climate and Equity.

Team Status: ONGOING
Team Critical Challenges: Ocean Sustainability, Social Innovations


  • Provide the first global synthesis examining the social and ecological outcomes of different types of coastal conservation measures
  • Build a decision support tool that will help stakeholders invest in and implement effective coastal conservation and management actions
  • Inform UN Sustainable Development Goal reporting and negotiations leading up to the Convention on Biological Diversity’s Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework
Emily Darling
Wildlife Conservation Society
Georgina Gurney
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
Arun Agrawal
University of Michigan
Gabby Ahmadia
World Wildlife Fund and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Derek Armitage
University of Waterloo
Natalie Ban
University of Victoria
Jessica Blythe
Brock University
Stuart Campbell
RARE Indonesia
Joachim Claudet
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Laboratoire d'Excellence CORAIL
Courtney Cox
RARE and Alliance for Conservation Evidence
Stephanie D’agata
Macquarie University
Graham Epstein
University of Waterloo and Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Whitney Friedman
NCEAS and University of California, Santa Barbara
David Gill
Duke University
Stacy Jupiter or Sangeeta Mangubhai
Wildlife Conservation Society
Tim McClanahan
Wildlife Conservation Society
Gavin McDonald
University of California, Santa Barbara
Amelia Wenger
University of Queensland
Vera Agostini
Kate Barnes
MacArthur Foundation
Philippa Cohen
Jason Cole
Margaret A. Cargill Philanthropies
World Wildlife Fund
Stuart Green
Blue-Green Advisors
Andrew Halford
The Pacific Community
Harry Jonas
IUCN, WCPA Task Force on OECMs
Markus Knigge
Blue Action Fund
Dan Laffoley
IUCN, World Commission on Protected Areas
Jane Lubchenco
Oregon State University
Elizabeth McLeod
The Nature Conservancy
Nyawira Muthiga
Wildlife Conservation Society
Ravaka Ranaivoson
Wildlife Conservation Society
Melissa Wright
Bloomberg Philanthropies
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