SNAPP TEAM:Compensatory Conservation
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Which compensatory conservation program conditions and methods most effectively protect biodiversity and ecosystem services?

Industry development can have a detrimental impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Compensation programs like biodiversity offsetting are increasingly designed to counterbalance ecological impacts. But are they effective? Compensatory conservation policies are rapidly becoming popular management strategies, making it crucial to better understand these initiatives and ensure that they have the best possible outcomes for biodiversity and people.


OUR APPROACH: This working group is developing criteria for identifying the type of compensatory approach most likely to deliver equitable conservation benefits across a range of objectives and linking different approaches to specific in-country conditions. The team is also analyzing the impacts and outcomes of different compensatory approaches for biodiversity and people in a variety of case study countries.

Team Status: ONGOING
Team Critical Challenge: Social Innovations


  • Explore scenarios illustrating the outcomes of alternative compensation models in different conservation and local community contexts
  • Shape policy and achieve better outcomes from compensation and offsetting within case study countries
  • Develop a framework that outlines best practice compensatory conservation under different in-country circumstances and pursue global distribution
Key Products
Conservation policy in the spotlight

This news coverage from the IUCN features an interview with project co-lead, Martine Maron.

A new approach to ecological compensation

Paper published by the team discussing a framework that advances ecological compensation to ensure achievement of overarching targets for biodiversity conservation.

Social impacts of biodiversity loss

The team compiled methods for incorporating human well-being into development projects and developed principles for assessing the social social impacts of biodiversity loss on communities.

Global goal for no net loss of natural resources

Team published paper on the proposed global goal of no net loss of natural ecosystems or better, reporting a need for equitable translation to country-level contributions.

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Martine Maron
The University of Queensland
James Watson
Wildlife Conservation Society
Leon Bennun
The Biodiversity Consultancy
Thomas Brooks
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Guy Dutson
The Biodiversity Consultancy
Steve Edwards
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Victoria Griffiths
University of Oxford
Julia Jones
Bangor University
Kerry Ten Kate
Forest Trends
Joe Kiesecker
The Nature Conservancy
Hugh Possingham
The Nature Conservancy
Philippe Puydarrieux
Fabien Quétier
Hugo Rainey
Wildlife Conservation Society
Dilys Roe
International Institute of Environmental and Development (IIED)
Conrad Savy
International Finance Corporation
Jeremy Simmonds
The University of Queensland
Laura Sonter
The University of Queensland
Mathieu Souquet
Todd Stevens
Wildlife Conservation Society
Ray Victurine
Wildlife Conservation Society
Amrei von Hase
Forest Trends
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