SNAPP TEAM:Hydraulic Fracturing
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Our Challenge
How can industry and nature conservation collaborate to avoid conflicts between shale energy development and the need for clean, safe water?

Shale energy development, based on new technologies of horizontal drilling with hydraulic fracturing “fracking,” helps meet increasing global demand for energy and provides economic benefits. Fracking also uses large quantities of water and produces toxic chemicals. This group is steering a balanced, constructive approach to shale energy development that avoids water conflicts.

Team Status
Team Critical Challenge

We describe hotspots of global risk from energy development, making recommendations to US state governments on reporting and mitigating accidents.

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Development – agriculture, energy, mining – threatens remaining natural lands
Peer-reviewed paper
Frequently spilled materials and risk to drinking water
(Science of The Total Environment)
Peer-reviewed paper
Visualizing spills data from unconventional oil and gas wells Interactive online tool
Where, when, and how spills are likely to occur
(Environmental Science and Technology)
Peer-reviewed paper
Team Leaders
Anne Trainor
Yale University; The Nature Conservancy
Joe Fargione
The Nature Conservancy
Joe Ryan
University of Colorado
Sharon Baruch-Mordo
The Nature Conservancy
Joe Kiesecker
The Nature Conservancy
Team Members
Hannah Wiseman
Florida State University
James Saiers
Yale University
Jean-Philippe Nicot
University of Texas
Kate Konschnik
Harvard University
Kelly Maloney
US Geological Survey (USGS)
Lauren Patterson
Duke University
Robert Puls
University of Oklahoma
Sally Entrekin
University of Central Arkansas