SNAPP TEAM:Steppe Health
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Can we stop a highly fatal viral epidemic that threatens both endangered wildlife and the livestock that more than half the human population of Mongolia depends on?

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an extremely contagious viral disease that is spreading into new regions across the globe, causing devastating socio-economic losses and serious damage to the livelihoods, food security, and nutrition for millions of small-scale farmers and pastoralists. In Mongolia, the effects of the epidemic have been particularly dire. In August 2016, PPR killed thousands of head of livestock, despite widespread vaccination. The disease also impacted wildlife, killing more than 50 percent of the critically endangered Mongolian saiga antelope in less than two months. This catastrophic loss of wildlife also caused immediate consequences for other endangered animals, including snow leopards that depend on wild ungulates for food.


OUR APPROACH: Along with livestock health authorities, herders, biologists, wildlife health specialists, international aid organizations and conservation NGOs, the working group will seek new ideas to free the country’s wildlife, economy, and livelihoods from this disease, and explore options for integrated management of wildlife and livestock health.

Team Status: ONGOING
Team Critical Challenge: Food Security and Nature
  • Produce a comprehensive report of the PPR outbreak at the wildlife-livestock interface in Mongolia, its characteristics and drivers, by facilitating data sharing across livestock management, livestock health, wildlife health and conservation sectors.
  • Develop a multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) to map the risk of disease transmissions and spread between livestock and wildlife using expert knowledge from livestock herders, government authorities, epidemiologists, biologists and other stakeholders. These risk maps will support decision for the surveillance, management and control of PPR in Mongolia.
  • Create a population and disease dynamics model to understand the long-term behavior of PPR where wildlife and livestock interact, to guide PPR eradication in Mongolia and globally.
  • Identify participatory approaches (e.g., reporting tools) to empower citizens to work with the authorities as active participants in disease surveillance, control and eradication.
Amanda Fine
Wildlife Conservation Society
Enkhtuvshin Shiiledgdamba
Wildlife Conservation Society
Lhagvasuren Badamjav
Mongolian Academy of Sciences
Chimiddorj Buyannemekh
WWF Mongolia
Véronique Chevalier
French Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD)
Andy Dobson
Princeton University
Bodisaikhan Khishgee
Veterinary and Animal Breeding Agency, Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Light Industry
Richard Kock
Royal Veterinary College, University of London
Jeffery Mariner
Tufts University
Jamiyankhuu Narmandakh
Dept of Environment & Natural Resources, Ministry of Environment & Tourism
Felix Njeumi
UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Mathieu Pruvot
Wildlife Conservation Society
Bayarjargal Yunden
The Nature Conservancy
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