SNAPP TEAM:The Social Implications of 30×30
What are the implications for resident people of plans to greatly increase global protected and conserved area coverage, and how might these be addressed to maximize positive outcomes for nature and society?

The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD) appears set to adopt the target to increase protected and conserved area coverage to 30% by 2030 (30×30). Implementing this target will inevitably affect a very large number of people. However, minimal research has been conducted into the social impacts 30×30 might have, and on what kinds of people, at both the global and national scale. Progress in addressing this issue has been hampered by the lack of effective exchange and constructive dialogue between those with different perspectives on area-based conservation.


OUR APPROACH: Our project will bring together a wide range of scholars and practitioners from multiple backgrounds (e.g., land systems science, political ecology, conservation science, indigenous rights) for a series of carefully facilitated workshops. We will foster constructive dialogue between those with different perspectives, enabling us to conduct an interdisciplinary investigation of the social implications of 30×30, and how they might be addressed. We will conduct analysis at the global scale, and in more detail in at least one case study country. Our results will influence nations and NGOs as they seek to implement the CBD Post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

Team Status: ONGOING
Team Critical Challenges: Food and Freshwater, Social Innovations
  1. New analysis of the potential social impacts of 30×30 at global level, under various scenarios for implementation. This will include analysis of affected populations disaggregated as far as possible by wealth, ethnicity, voice in decision making and other important social variables.
  2. A more detailed analysis of one case study country (likely to be in Central Africa).
  3. Feasible proposals for how 30×30 could be implemented at the country level in a way that maximises social benefits while minimising social harms, co-developed with implementation partners.
  4. Improved dialogue and a strong foundation for future inter-disciplinary and cross-sectoral research collaboration between people with different perspectives on area-based conservation.
Key Products
Social considerations are crucial to success in implementing the 30×30 global conservation target

This correspondence outlines the critical need for the implementation of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity’s Target 3 of the Global Biodiversity Framework (protecting 30% of the earth by 2030) to focus on national and sub-national analyses, research questions designed by place-based coalitions, comparative analyses of multiple countries, better social indicators (relating to rights, participation, justice, or financing) and research and support for political mobilization.

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Chris Sandbrook
University of Cambridge
Shenique Albury-Smith
The Nature Conservancy
James Allan
McKinsey and Company
Heather Bingham
UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Dan Brockington
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
Achilles Byaruhanga
Q”apaj Conde
UN Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat
Javier Fajardo
Cambridge University
James Fitzsimons
The Nature Conservancy
Forrest Fleischmann
University of Minnesota
Phil Franks
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
Alain Frechette
Rights and Resources Initiative
Rachael Garrett
ETH Zurich
Carolina Hazin
The Nature Conservancy
Edna Kaptoyo
Pawanka Fund
Becky Chaplin Kramer
Stanford University
Tobias Kuemmerle
Humboldt University of Berlin
David Mwesigye Tumusiime
Makerere University
Pauline Nantongo
Milagre Nuvunga
Micaia Foundation
Brian O’Donnell
Campaign for Nature
Fred Onyai
National Consultant for CCAC/UNEP
Neema Pathak Broome
Marion Pfeifer
University of Newcastle
Ruth Pinto
International Institute for Environment and Development
Rose Pritchard
University of Manchester
Ameyali Ramos
ICCA Consortium & IUCN Commission on Environment, Economic and Social Policy
Madhu Rao
IUCN WCPA & Wildlife Conservation Society
Casey Ryan
University of Edinburgh
Priya Shyamsundar
The Nature Conservancy
Josefa Tauli
Global Youth Biodiversity Network
Charles Tumwesigye
Uganda Wildlife Authority
Jasmin Upton
UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Mônica Vilaça da Silva
The Nature Conservancy
Gary Watmough
University of Edinburgh
Thomas Worsdell
Amazon Frontlines
Julie G. Zähringer
Wyss Academy for Nature and Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern
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